This image gallery contains images of all the Senger family records we have been able to identify thus far, and have available for publication. As you will note, some of the documents are a ‘bit difficult’ to read.
For those of you who keep track of such things, here’s a quick list of our latest discoveries and happenings.
- The German Red Cross wrote and provided a wealth of information on Frieda Senger’s internment in the Soviet Gulag system after WW2. This information has been more than 60 years in coming. Click to read more.
- Because of the aforementioned documents, we have identified additional information about the particular Gulag. Click to read more.
- We are making good headway on the John Deyo mystery. Actually this mystery has now turned into one about his father Joseph Deo/Deyo/Dion. Click to read more.
- We placed a user poll on our site. Please let us know what you think!
This next week promises to be eventful in our genealogy space…
This write-up is my effort to document the circumstances and images surrounding the Gulag complex to which Frieda Senger was assigned and interned after World War 2 by the Soviets For more information see:
Chelyabinsk was the location of a Soviet Gulag. Chelyabinsk ITL (Work Improvement Camp) was in existence from November 1941 until October 1951. At its height, it held 15,400 persons who were employed building a smelter used for Industrial, Highway, Civil and Residential construction, as well as in open-cast mining.
Additionally there was a Prisoner of War Camp #68 for German POWs in Chelyabinsk. Severely ill POWs were treated in POW Hospital 5882. A German POW mass grave was found about 12 km (8 miles) East of the city.
Today when I arrived home a letter from the Deutsches Rotes Kreuz- Suchdienst awaited me. I have to admit the contents were, for me extremely exciting!
19 August 2010 Update: Thanks to my good childhood friend Sharon we now have a translation of these records.
Based upon the Suchdienst records, we have identified photos from one of my Oma’s camps (see below). More information on the Camp is also available at: Gulag Memorial DE.
Here are the documents (with the translations I have in English and German).
(See bottom of page for the complete text.)
Frieda Senger before her incarceration in Soviet Gulags, circa 1940.
German, member of fascist organization (abbreviation in the left corner)Dossier/Document
Start: 17th of March 1945
Anfang 17. März 1945
|Hr. Kireev Manager of the operations Group of the NKVD (People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs- Stalin’s Secret Police) in the Region of Chelyabinskaya and a Major responsible for National Security. 07.Juli 1945
Hr. Kireev Leiter der operationellen Gruppe NKWD (Volkskommissariat für geheime Angelegenheiten)im Region Tscheljabinsk, Major für nationale Sicherheit genehmigt:
Bill of Indictment:
I, a worker of the operations group Concentration Camp number 507 under the command of NKVD Lieutenant Hr. Makarov, sentence, with the complete authority of the NKVD of the USSR, number 00315 Frieda Senger born in the year of 1898 in Pietzkendorf Kreis Großwerder and currently living in the village of Zeyervorderkampen into the 48th Army “Sideras” category Gulag effective 18 April 1945.
Ich, Mitarbeiter der operationellen Gruppe des Bewährungskonzentrationslager Nr. 507 der NKWD Leutnant Hr. Makarov, verhafte mit Bevollmächtigung der NKWD UdSSR Nr. 00315, Senger Frieda geboren im Jahr 1898 in Pizchendorf Kreis Großwerder, wohnhaft im Dorf Zeyervorderkampen, von 18. April 1945 an die 48. Armee “Sideras” Kategorie Gulak.
That Senger Frieda was a member of the German Civil Air Defense, a Fascist Organization, since 1935. Her husband was a member of the NSDAP.
Dass Senger Frieda seit 1935 in einer fasch. Organisation “Luftschutz”war. Ihr Mann war ein Mitglied der nationalsozialistischen Partei.
Senger Frieda is sentenced for further punishment to a workers battalion of mobilized Germans.
Senger Frieda wird für weitere Inhaftierung dem Arbeitsbatallien mobilisierte Deutsche zugewiesen.
Worker in the operations group of Concentration Camp 507
Mitarbeiter der operationellen Gruppe
The text from the Suchdienst follows:
Deutsches Rotes Kreuz
Chiemgaustr. 109 81549 Munchen
Mark F. Rabideau
711 Nob Hill Trail
Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika
Senger, Frieda, born: 19.03.1898 in Zeyervorderkampen/Werder
Dear Mr. Rabideau,
Thank you for your inquiry of 07 September, 2009.
The research in our archives, which included the records received from The Central Archives of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation on German prisoners of war and civilians in Soviet captivity, revealed the following record for Mrs. Frieda Senger:
She was taken a prisoner by the Soviet Army on March 17, 1945.
Since 1935 she was organized by the Empire antiaircraft union [ger.Reichsluftschutzbund (RLB)].
On July 7, 1945 she was transfered from the camp 507 (Cheljabinskaja region/ Satkinskij district/ village Bakal) to the working battalion No.1083 (Cheljabinskaja Region/City Kopejsk/ Station Potanino) of mobilized germans.
She was discharged for repatriation on July 1, 1947.
Unfortunately, further data are nonexistent.
According to our record cards dating back to the post-war-years, the last known address of Senger Frieda was from January 9, 1955: Lindenburgweg 202 (or 262), Weitheim/Murnau.
Enclosed, please find a copy of the file in the original Russian language. Due to the quantity of the documents, which come to us to work off, we cann’t unfortunately translate these records . We ask kindly to excuse us.
At present we dont have any other records from The Central Archives of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation on your other relatives: Richard Senger, Frieda Senger, Erich Senger und Luise Senger.
The information from our record cards you will receive in a separate letter.
German Red Cross
Tracing Service Munich
Zentrale Auskunfts- und Dokumentationsstelle
Tel. (089) 68 07 73-0
Fax (089) 68 07 45 92
It pleases me beyond words to say that I have successfully identified the grave of my Great Uncle and made certain that his grave stone in the battlefields of WW1 France is now updated and complete.
Were it not for the wonderful help of the Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge this would never have been possible. However, with their initial work and my good fortune in finding Albert’s birth record in the Zeyer ev. Kirche; we have made certain that Albert is fully identified and honored.
In October I received this note:
kurz möchte ich Ihnen noch mitteilen, dass es sich bei dem von Ihnen genannten Datum 27.05.1888 um den Tag der Taufe handelt. Als Geburtsdatum ist im Kirchenbuch der 31. März angegeben.
Mit freundlichem Gruss/best regards
Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge
Werner Hilpert-Str- 2 34112 Kassel
Tel.: 05617009169 Fax : 05617009246
Today on their website you can see the following record:
Albert Senger ruht auf der Kriegsgräberstätte in Noyers-Pont-Maugis (Frankreich). Endgrablage: Block B Grab 2148
Es freut mich sehr dass dies fuer mein Ohr-Onkel geschaft ist. Vielleicht ruehrt er jetzt ein bischen besser.(It pleases me to know that this was accomplished for my Great Uncle. Perhaps he can rest a bit more peacefully.)
I will now try to do the same for his brother and my Uncle Adolf…(see our 2011 Update)
Today was one of those days I enjoy; I spent much of the day doing family research in the local LDS Family History Center. Some of the highlights included:
- We found another brother of my grandfather Richard Senger- Wilhelm, he lived only 14 days.
- We identified the correct spelling of my g-g-g-g- grandmother Saenger’s maiden name: Stafast
- We found a death and burial record for both my g-g- grandparents Michael Saenger and Ester Euphrosina Saenger geb. Landig
But the best part of the whole day was that my sister (Linda) had the opportunity to spend the day with me and visit some of old German family members. Probably the highlight of the day being sharing a look at our grandfather Richard Senger’s birth records.
Bitte besuchen Sie es zu Errinerung. (Please feel free to visit it and remember.)
Fals Sie andere Fotos haben oder davon wissen bitte benutzen Sie unser Contact page. (If you know where I might find additional photos to add to the gallery, please use our Contact page to let me know.)
A lot has happened during the past few weeks on ManyRoads. In order to keep things brief I just list them out:
- We found a new generation of Sengers — a VERY exciting happening– thanks to our LDS Zeyer ev. Kirche records
- ManyRoads has added a professional German/English- English/German translation service offering
- A ‘bunch’ of ‘new’ pictures have been added to Elbing Damals
- We added a Print function to our Posts * Pages (I hope that makes reading long articles easier).
- Our site is now easy to follow on Twitter (we are at… http://twitter.com/eirenicon )
- We added our name to Genealogy.org and now appear 65 sites, as they list them
- We reformatted our FrontPage in an effort to be more ‘user-friendly’
- and you have been stopping by frequently to visit our site— Thank you!
New Photos added! Neue Fotos!
We add new photos to our “Elbing Damals” image gallery as we come upon them. (Wir stellen neue Fotos hier so oft wie moeglicht.) We hope you enjoy them. (Viel spass beim schauen.)
13. Mar 2010. (update- Mark Rabideau)
Also should you happen to have any Photos of the Jungfer-Zeyer-Ellerwald area prior to WW2 that you are willing to share we would LOVE to hear from you.
Our Photo Galleries
- Elbing Damals Gallery
- Elbinger 700 Jubilaeum
The Senger family were neither rich nor famous. They were hard working German farmers who tilled the soil and built the land (much like their forebears before them did in Holland). Richard Senger, at the outset of World War 2, was also an owner of the Kaeserei in Zeyervorderkampen (I do not know if he had other co-owners, perhaps one of our readers can help clear that up).
Below you will find images of the location of the Richard Senger family farm and business.
Old Map of Senger Farm and Kaeserei
Old Senger Farm in 2010 (now the Bednarczyk Farm)
Former Senger Farm in 1978 Visit by Erich Senger
I have had the wonderful good fortune of being introduced to the current owners of the former Senger farm- the Bednarczyks. The Bednarczyk’s love their land and farm as much as my family did in days gone by. They are doing a wonderful job of managing and caring for the farm and lands. I am happy to share the history of the house, farm, and people who preceded them.
Together, we can walk into the future with friendship and a shared history…
Polish translation provided by Google Translate:
Miałem wspaniałe szczęście wprowadzeniem do obecnych właścicieli byłych Senger gospodarstwa Bednarczyks. Bednarczyk miłość ich gruntami i gospodarstwem jak moja rodzina nie w przeszłości. Oni robią wspaniałą pracę w zakresie zarządzania i dbałości o gospodarstwo i ziemie. Cieszę się akcja historii domu, gospodarstwa rolnego, oraz osób, które je poprzedzały.
Razem możemy iść w przyszłość z przyjaźni i wspólnej historii …
Recently I received an set of email messages from a very helpful reader (Vielen dank, Hans!). I have taken a risk and translated the gist of his correspondence into English. I have blended his materials along with my research to reconstruct a view of Pietzkendorf. I will add more information as it comes to light. Hopefully this “accumulated view” will paint a small picture of what Pietzkendorf once was… the neatly mown fields of today’s Poland not withstanding.
In days gone by, Pietzkendorf residents attended schools and Churches in nearby Ladekopp. The population was small, just a few families and homes were located in the village. The area was peopled largely by simple farm families. The Pietzkendorf, and Ladekopp area had been settled by German families as long ago as the 1500s. To quote Gameo:
By 1772 there were some 400 Holländerdörfer established in the Vistula region, but not nearly all were occupied by Mennonites or by Dutch settlers. Felicia Szper (p. 110) lists for 1676 the following villages as “Holländische Hufen” in the two Werders of Marienburg occupied by Dutch Mennonites: Platenhof, Tiegenhagen, Tiegerweide, Reimerswalde, Orlofferfeld, Pletzendorf, Orloff, Pietzgendorf, and Petershagenerfeld.
Horst Penner lists for the 18th century the following villages with a predominantly Mennonite population: Altebabke, Altendorf, Beyershorst, Blumen-Ort, Einlage, Freienhuben, Glabitsch, Gross-Plehnendorf, Gross-Walddorf, Halbstadt, Herrenhagen, Heubuden, Klein Mausdorf, Kozelicke, Ladekopp, Marienau, Neuendorf, Neunhuben, Orloff, Orlofferfelde, Petershagen, Pietzkendorf, Poppau, Pordenau, Reimerswalde, Rosenort, Rückenau, Scharfenberg, Schönhorst, Schönsee, Schmerblock, Schönau, Tiege, Tiegenhagen, Tiegerweide, and Wotzlaff.
The villages located on the Vistula were also characterized by being established in swampy areas that had to be drained. Ditches and canals led to the river at the elevated end of the land. Homes were located along the street, which at times followed the windings of the river. Villages established according to the old “German right” did not have the residence, barn, and shed under one roof, as did the Dutch villages, in which the barn was directly connected with the residence and the shed was attached to the barn, the whole in some cases forming a triangle. At some places the dwelling had an addition for the retired parents called Endenkammer. The porch added to this structure in many cases was of Prussian and not Dutch background.
In some instances the land of each farmer adjoined his yard. This would indicate that the pattern was related to the “Hufendörfer” practice. [...] This village therefore more nearly resembled a Hufendorf. However, it developed peculiarities of its own. For this reason it is best to identify this type of village simply as Holländerdorf.
The streams and nearby river provided swimming activities for those from nearby villages and towns such as Ladekopp. It was a green, verdant area with trees, water, and a very wet environ (the area was 4-12 feet below sea level, even then). Windmills pumped water from the ground and into the drainage streams, keeping the land reasonably dry and arable. When the lowering of the ground water levels by German settlers began some 500 years ago, the main mechanical assistance was provided by windmills. Windmills provided the power to operate water wheels (early simple pumps) to scoop water from the lowest and wettest lands moving it up to areas behind constructed dikes. In the early 1900s, steam engines in `kalteherberge` performed this task and replaced the original windmills. Toward the end of the Second World War (1945), the entire area was flooded in a valiant but vain attempt to slow and repulse invading Russian artillery and tanks. Today the area is again ‘nearly’ dry but it is much lonelier and emptier than before. The entire village of Pietzkendorf is gone except for its cement roads (see photo below).
The name of the village itself is derived from an old German word “pietzker”. In German, a Pietzker is a member of the fish-family ´schmerle´ which in English is known as ´loach´. Pietzkers are a tasty, flavorful fish that lives in the mud or muddy water of a slow moving river. The Linau running through Pietzkendorf is just such a river. The Pietzkers, in days gone by, were plentiful.
The residents of pre-World War 2 Pietzkendorf attended churches in Ladekopp; Roman Catholics, Lutherans and Mennonites, alike. My family (Recht und Wedhorn) attended the Lutheran Church (Evangelishe Kirche) in Ladekopp. I have found both records of Recht and Wedhorn family births and weddings in the ev. Kirche Ladekopp.
It is worth mentioning that there was at least one Baptist family in Pietzkendorf; almost every Sunday, they bravely and devotedly walked nearly 12 kilometers through Ladekopp to the Baptist congregation in Neuteich. Their names are lost in the mists of time.
Pietzkendorf bei Ladekopp Foto
Milchbude Lage und Pietzkendorf Landkart
The following photos provide images of the area that used to be Pietzkendorf as it appeared in 2010. This is the same area where Frieda Senger was born and raised in the early 1900s. Today nothing remains of the buildings and village that was Pietzkendorf.
20 October was a very productive day at the Family History Center. Aside from starting a bit late due to delayed keys, a lot of new information was discovered including:
- all the dates of birth and christenings for Richard Senger’s siblings were unearthed
- a previously unknown sibling for Richard was found, Theodor Senger
- birth dates and spouses for:
- Michael Senger (the younger)– Adelgunde Kiehl
- Michael Saenger (the elder) – Esther Euphrosine Landig (marriage record confirmed)
- Esther’s parents John Landig and Esche Euphrosina Hein were discovered
- 3 additional children of Michael Saenger & Esther Euphrosine were identified
- parents for both Michael Sengers
On 21 October the genealogical records reflecting the above plus more were modified; additionally, updated War death records have been added for:
- Willi Wedhorn
- Erich Recht
- Egon Recht
- Albert Senger
- Adolf Senger
For those who thought that WW2 was long over, a rude reminder of its horrors and brutality have once again surfaced in the former home of our Senger family. In just the past year, more than 2000 people were found buried in a mass grave. It is thought that all were killed/ died at the war’s end.
To learn more please visit the site dedicated to their memory.
An English article is at Der Spiegel.
This is the last unit in the Luftwaffe to which Luise Senger (Rabideau) belonged.
Chef des Stabes:
- Obstlt Eckhard Krahmer, 1.7.38 – 1.4.39
- Oberst Bruno Maass, 1.4.39 – 5.3.43
- Oberst Otto Petzold, 5.3.43 – 8.5.45
Formed 4.2.38 in München from Luftgau-Kommando XIV. More
The homestead and lands had been in the Senger family since before 1893; when the home was built by Richard’s father and mother, Michael & Adelgunde Senger. The Senger farm was located on the banks of the Nogat River in Zeyervorderkampen (Kreis Elbing in Grosses Werder). At the time of the establishment of Freie Staat Danzig in 1920, the farm was the first farm inside of the Polish corridor as defined by the victorious allies of WW1.
Richard inherited the farm from his parents (Michael and Adelgunde) in 1920, the year of his and Frieda’s marriage. The 50 hectare Senger farm grew apples, cherries, plums, sugar beets, rye, and raised ducks, chickens, cows, pigs. During the Second World War, additional crops were grown as a requirement of the German government, these included rapeseed, poppies and wheat.Both Erich and Luise were born on the farm; Erich in 1921 and Luise in 1923. Their births occurred during the hyper-inflation years of the Weimar Republic. The hyper-inflation was so bad in 1923 that it cost Richard and Frieda and entire wheelbarrow full of money to purchase a pacifier for Luise.
Luise and Erich were baptized at the Zeyer Evangelishe Kirche (Lutheran); Herr Doebel was Luise Senger’s godfather. Later Herr Doebel became an early member of the National Sozialistische Deutsche Arbeiters Partei (NSDAP, Nazi); ultimately he was to become disillusioned and was imprisoned for his opposition to the NSDAP. It is believed that he served more than 5 years for his opposition (we continue to seek hard information on this event).From the age of 14, Luise Senger lived with her Onkel Robert and Tante Olga in Elbing on 58 Wasserstrasse (today: Wodna 58, Elbląg, Elblag, Polska) . In Elbing, she attended the Elbing Handelsschule. Robert & Olga Senger owned a small Gasthaus and store on the waterfront of the port of Elbing. Luise had a small room above the Gasthaus. The Senger Gasthaus had 4 guest rooms and was described as being ‘plain’ but friendly. During her years in Elbing at the Handelsschule, Luise used to take long walks to a nearby park (in the city); this is where she watched and ultimately met some of the musicians and other members of the ‘artists’ community who befriended her. Some of these same “artists” were to protect Luise when they met once again, this time in Munich during the final collapse of the Third Reich. “Onkel Robert and Tante Olga” were the family’s city dwellers. Throughout Luise’s youth, Luise and Erich Senger used to “smuggle” small amounts of food (fruit, wheat etc) from the Senger farm to Onkel Robert’s family, so as to avoid paying taxes to the government. One time, Onkel Robert reversed the trend and sent a bunch of bananas to the Richard Senger family in Zeyervorderkampen as a treat; Luise refused to even try the bananas; she had never seen anything like them before!
During the first years while Luise was living with Onkel Robert’s family in Elbing, her cousin Erika and Erika’s husband (Otto Grawert) and their son Karl-Otto came to live with the Robert Senger family. The Grawert’s came from their home on the Dutch border on a doctor’s recommendation. Erika, Robert and Olga’s daughter, had a severe case of TB and the cold, moist air of Elbing was supposed to help her heal. Erika especially enjoyed the Gasthaus and the customers who frequented it. She and Luise became very close friends.
From 1937 through much of the second world war (WW2), the Richard Senger farm was quite successful. The daily routines continued; the work was hard and the crops were quite good.During the war years, the Sengers were required to host English prisoners of war. One PoW stayed the entire war; his name was Tommy (last name unknown). He had been captured at Dunkirk and arrived in Zeyervorderkampen at the age of 17. Tommy remained with the Sengers up until the time the Russians took possession of the farm in 1945. He escaped just ahead of the advancing Soviets and Poles by foot towards the North Sea (following the route recommended to him by Richard Senger).
Once the war began, Richard’s son, Erich, fought in the Deutsche Luftwaffe as a rear-gunner in a Stuka. He fought and was shot down on both the Eastern (including Georgia and Stalingrad) and Western (France) fronts. In 1944, Erich was taken prisoner by the British when his plane was shot down over France (it is believed). By the early 1940′s Richard’s daughter, Luise, was a administrative aide and Lieutenant in the Luftwaffe, ending the war assigned to Luftkommando 7 München (air defense Munich).
With all of Zeyer’s young people at war, the farm was managed and operated by the two ‘closest’ Senger brothers (Richard and Rudolf) and Richard’s wife Frieda and Frieda’s sister Erna. Finally in March/ April 1945, the family lands and property were confiscated by the Russians.
composite of verbal stories related by Luise Senger Rabideau to her children Linda & Mark
In late winter of 1944/45, the Senger’s farm was overrun and occupied by a command of the advancing Russian armies. The family furniture and possessions were stolen by non-Germans; the lives and history of the Senger family were unalterably, irretrievably changed.
Only the Senger farm and two other farms in the village of Zeyervorderkampen remained standing following the Soviet invasion and bombardment and artillery attacks which accompanied the destructive attack. Ultimately, the Senger farm was left as the sole ‘undamaged’ farm in Zeyervorderkampen. At first, the farm was used to house Soviet commanders; ultimately, possession of the farm, lands, buildings and few remaining possessions were given over to a Polish family.
By the middle of 1945, it was no longer the Senger family farm and lands. The farm had been confiscated by the occupying communist troops and retribution was never offered by either the invading armies or subsequent settlers; nor was any accepted by Richard when it was finally offered by the post-war German Federal Republic government. To his mind, there was simply no compensation adequate to cover the loss of his family’s lands and history. Ultimately, the German government did provide Richard a pension for both his WW1 and WW2 ‘participation’.
Having lost ownership and possession of his farm to the Russians in 1945, Richard was forced, at gun point and under explicit threat of death, to work as an involuntary servant (knecht) or ‘slave’ on his long-time farm. During this time, his wife, Frieda, was captured, incarcerated, and forced by the Russians to leave their home and was interred as a slave laborer in the Gulags of the Central Asia in Chelyabinsk ITL (Work Improvement Camp). Frieda was arrested and enslaved by the Soviet Army on March 17, 1945 (Her 47th birthday was two days later on 19 March 1945.). These hardships and travails were to continue for more than two years.
During this same time period, unbeknownst to Richard, his son (Erich Senger) was interred in an English prisoner of war camp; his daughter (Luise) had survived the war’s end and was working in the American Zone of Germany, in Bavaria.Finally one day in June of 1947, at the age of 68, Richard could tolerate his situation and servitude no longer. He resolved to leave or die trying. To his mind he had nothing to lose; so far as he knew he had already lost everything except his life. He packed his few papers and possessions into a coffee can and set off on foot, to reach the West German border. As he left what had been his farm, Russian soldiers shouted, pulled their rifles, took aim at his back, and threatening to kill him. Unwilling to suffer his situation any longer, he walked on into his uncertain, unknown future.
He trekked alone on foot across ‘the new’ communist Poland, and then through the ‘new’ communist East Germany. During the weeks and months he walked, he survived by eating uncooked potatoes and vegetables he gleaned from harvested fields. In Poland, his official identification papers and bank books were confiscated by ‘officials’ at the checkpoints he encountered. Finally after an almost 600 mile ordeal, Richard arrived at Murnau in Bavaria (the American Zone).
Shortly after his arrival in Bavaria, Richard began a search for his son Erich via open letters he placed in German newspapers. He only searched for his son Erich because he thought Erich might have survived the war; he was certain that Frieda (Richard’s wife) had died in the Gulags and that Luise (Richard’s daughter) had been ‘lost’ in the final defense of Munich (where Luise was serving as a Lieutenant in Munich’s Air Defense with Deutsche Luftwaffe- Luftkommando 7.). Fortunately, Erich, having returned from his incarceration as a British (Prisoner of War) PoW in 1947, read one of his letters and they were reunited. During late 1947, Luise found and rejoined her family through the good offices and assistance of her employer- the American Army.
Late in 1947, his wife, Frieda weighing a mere 60 pounds, returned from her two plus year ordeal in the Russian gulags. Miraculously, the family had found each other.
Along with their son Erich, the Sengers built a new life for themselves in Bavaria. While in 1950, Luise went on to live with her American husband (Fred Rabideau) and their soon-to-be new family in the United States.
a composite of verbal stories related by Luise Senger Rabideau to her children Linda & Mark, as well as Russian, German and American Documentation
As the Russians invaded West Prussia near the end of World War 2, they rounded up abled bodied Germans to ‘work’ a slave labor in their Gulags. These ‘unlucky’ Germans (some three million) were shipped by train to forced labor camps in the far East. Frieda Senger, along with her friend and neighbor, Edith Ebel, were among those shipped by rail into the Russian Gulags; in her case trip was to prisons some 1700 miles or 2700 kms east. She, like many others, was deported from her and her husband’s lands (which were now in the hands of the Russians) and forced into slavery; she was not seen or heard from again for some 2 and one half years.
She was taken a prisoner by the Soviet Army on March 17, 1945. She had been a member of the Reichsluftschutzbund (RLB) since 1935 (see note 1 below). On July 7, 1945 she was transfered from the camp 507 (Cheljabinskaja region/ Satkinskij district/ village Bakal) to the working battalion No.1083 (Cheljabinskaja Region/City Kopejsk/ Station Potanino) of mobilized Germans. She was discharged for repatriation on July 1, 1947. Her diligence, hard work and energy made it possible for her to be one of the first Germans released from the camp. Her friend Edith Ebel was not so lucky- Edith died in the camp. Frieda’s two plus years were spent mining rock salt, cleaning the camp floors with broken glass (an activity which left her hands permanently scarred). Her diet consisted of water, cabbage and potatoes.
Based upon research conducted on our behalf by the Deutsches Rotes Kruez we finally know the names and location of the Gulags in which she was interred. Until we find better photos, Perm in the Urals provides a reasonable example.
On 9 October 2011, I received an additional insight into this time from the niece of Frieda Senger, Frieda geboren Wedhorn: [Frieda Wedhorn] [...] mentioned that the deportation of Frieda Senger might have been the result of a mistaken identity, that the Russians were looking for some other Senger, but they went to the wrong farm where they found Frieda Senger and they did not want to continue searching. Frieda Wedhorn remembers her Tante Frieda telling her that the Soviets probably were looking for Johanna Senger who was also called “Tante Hannchen” because she supposedly had not been nice to some Poles. Johanna was the wife of Julius Senger who must have been neighbors of Richard and Frieda Senger. The Soviets just went to the wrong house and discontinued their search because they had found a woman with the name Senger. This Johanna Senger later died of “Fischvergiftung” (fish poisoning) while still living in Zeyersvorderkampen, Westpreußen.
The photo is of Frieda Senger in 1951 following the marriage of her daughter Luise to Frederick Rabideau. She is wearing a coat sent to her by Leona Rabideau, mother of Frederick Rabideau.
The Reichluftschutzbund was placed under the authority of the Luftwaffe and performed mainly non-combat support roles such as ground crew training and search and rescue. The group remained relatively small and, as a paramilitary organization, was overshadowed heavily by the National Socialist Flyers Corps.
During World War II, the Reichluftschutzbund performed in air defense support manning anti-aircraft emplacements in Germany’s major cities. In 1945, the Reichluftschutzbund ceased to exist with the fall of Nazism. The Reichluftschutzbund, however, was not condemned as a criminal organization since the group was technically a branch of the Air Ministry and not a paramilitary group of the Nazi Party proper.
The information contained in this Posting was sourced from numerous websites (all noted below) and is presented here to facilitate our genealogical research. All rights belong to the original authors. This is being used under the laws of ‘fair use’.
Source of the original materials that follows.
Between 1634 and 1663, 262 filles à marier or “marriageable girls” emigrated to New France representing one quarter of all the single girls arriving in New France through 1673. They were recruited and chaperoned by religious groups or individuals who had to assure and account for their good conduct. In general, they were poor, although there were some members of the petty nobility among their ranks. More
The Senger family had lived in Kreis Grosses Werder area of West Prussia since at least the late 1600′s. Both 20th Century World Wars took a heavy toll on the entire ‘clan’. Many family members and all the Senger lands and possessions were either destroyed or taken.
The those who were not killed in the fighting were forced to leave their homes as a result of the WW2 allies ethnic cleansing pograms following the defeat of Germany. Along with as many as 12 million other Germans the Sengers were either force marched to work in Russian labor camps or left behind to work as slaves on their own lands.
Finally ending up in Bavaria with none of their possesions except their lives… the Richard Senger family were among the fortunate ones, they found each other and survived.
Erinnerungen eines Amtsvorstehers des Amtsbezirkes Zeyer.
Johannes Jahn, Landwirt und Hofbesitzer in Zeyersvorderkampen.
Der Amtsbezirk Zeyer lag in der nordöstlichsten Ecke des Freistaates Danzig, im Kreis Großes Werder und umfasste die Ortschaften Zeyer, Stuba und Schlangenhaken. Er zog sich entlang der Nogat, beginnend bei der Ortschaft Einlage bis zur Mündung der Nogat in das Frische Haff. Das Gesamtareal betrug etwa 2510 Hektar Davon fielen auf Zeyer 480 Hektar, Stuba mit der Ortschaft Neudorf circa 610 Hektar,Zeyersvorderkampen circa 1020 Hektar und Schlangenhaken 400 Hektar Die Gesamteinwohnerzahl betrug etwa 1735 Einwohnen deutscher Abstammung und Herkunft. Die Bevölkerung gehörte ausschließlich der Landwirtschaft und der damit verbundenen Berufe.
Die Höfe befanden sich bis 1945 in gutem Zustand. Die Größe der landwirtschaftlichen Grundstücke lag durchweg im Mittel —und Kleingrundbesitz.
Besonders günstig lagen die Verhältnisse in Zeyersvorderkampen, wo die größeren Betriebe dem Herdbuch angehörten und seit längerer Zeit Raps- /Weizen und Zuckerrübenanbau betreibe.
Während Zeyer und Stube geschloßene Ortschaften bildeten, waren Zeyersvorderkampen und Schlangenhaken sogenannte Streusiedlungen. Zeyer ist im Amtsbezirk als die älteste Siedlung anzusehen.
Nach einer Schulchronik die Besiedlung bereits im Jahr 1200. Danach folgt die Ortschaft Stuba. Zeyersvorderkampen, das aus mehreren Inseln des Nogatdeltas bestand, ist erst wesentlich später,um 1730 besiedelt worden.
Völliges Neuland war die Ortschaft Schlangenhaken, die erst um 1929 aus Strauchkampen an der Nogatmündung durch die Initiative des Danziger Senats entstand und besiedelt wurde.
Von ausschlaggebender Bedeutung für die landwirtschaftlichen Betriebe im Amtsbezirk war die Milcherzeugung.
Eine noch während des Krieges auf das modernste ausgebaute Molkerei im Privatbesitz, befand sich in Zeyer, während eine zweite sich als Genossenschaftsmolkerei sich in Zeyersvorderkampen befand. Eine dritte Molkerei war in Stube, die während des Krieges stillgelegt wurde und die Lieferanten Zeyer zugewiesen.
Auf kaufmännischem Sektor gab es in der Ortschaft Zeyer vier Geschäfte mit Kolonialwaren—und Materialwaren. Davon eine mit Mühle(Wind) und Landwirtschaft, eine mit Gasthausbetrieb-Bäckerei und Landwirtschaft, eine mit Textil—Schuhwaren und- Kurzwaren, eine Bäckerei und Landwirtschaft und ein weiteres mit Gasthaus und Landwirtschaft.
An gewerblichen Betrieben waren in Zeyer eine Molkerei, eine Fleischerei; eine Stellmacherei, eine Schmiede und zwei Korbflechtereien vorhanden. An öffentlichen bezw. staatlichen Gebäuden gab es in Zeyer zwei Schulen
zwei Zollbeamtenhäuser, ein Postamt ein Pfarrhaus sowie drei Gemeindehäuser und ein Spritzenhaus.
Die zu Zeyer gehörende Kirche lag auf der anderen Seite der Nogat im Kreis Elbing. Sie wurde im Verlauf der Kampfhandlungen am 3.2.1945 in Brand geschossen, Zeyersvorderkampen hatte eine Molkerei,drei Gastwirtschaften davon zwei mit Kolonial-und Materialwaren und Landwirtschaft und eine mit Schmiede. Öffentliche Gebäude:Eine Schule, fünf Gemeidehäuser und eine Spritzenhaus.
Am 21.1.1945 erreichten die ersten russischen Panzer überraschend das 8 Km entfernte Elbing und die Bevölkerung des Amtsbezirks Zeyer erhielt nachts vom Landratsamt Tiegenhof die Aufforderung zur sofortigen Räumung. Obwohl die Räumung theoretisch vorbereitet war, kam es nicht zu dem angeordneten Treck über die Weichsel, da am frühen Morgen sämtliche Chausseen von der flüchtenden Bevölkerung überlaufen und verstopft waren. Zum anderen konnte sich die Landbevölkerung nur sehr schwer zum Verlassen ihrer Höfe entschließen. Außerdem bildete die deutsche Wehrmacht entlang des Elbingflusses sofort eine Front, hinter der sich die Bevölkerung einstweilig sicher fühlte. Lediglich die Bevölkerung von Zeyer und Stuba setzte sich nach Zeyersvorderkampern und Schlangenhaken ab.
Inzwischen wurde der gesamte Viehbestand durch Räumkommandos abgetrieben und auch die Getreidevorräte abgeholt.Es blieb nur dort was zur Ernährung der Bevölkerung für kurze Zeit notwendig war.
Die Pferdebestände übernahm die Wehrmacht. Bei den einsetzenden Stellungskämpfen hielt sich die Zerstörung der Gebäude in Zeyer in Grenzen. Es brannten lediglich 3 Grundstücke nieder. Allerdings erlitten sehr viele Gebäude erhebliche Schäden durch Artillerie-und Bordwaffenbeschuss. Die größten Schäden sind erst nach der Besetzung durch Russen und Polen entstanden.
Inzwischen war für die Zurückgebliebenen an ein Wegkommen nicht mehr zu denken,da der Russe bereits durch Pommer zur Ostsee durchgestoßen war.
Am 8.3.45 war die deutsche Wehrmacht gezwungen die Stellungen an der Nogat aufzugeben, wodurch die zurückgeblieben Bevölkerung gezwungen wurde sich bis auf die Frische Nehrung zurückzuziehen, wo sie mit Schiffen, zumeist nach Dänemark gebracht wurde Ein kleiner teil in Zeyer konnte sich nicht entschließen die Heimat zu verlassen und erwarteten den Einmarsch der Russen.
Es waren zumeist Arbeiterfamilien und alte Leute.Aber auch einige Bauernfamilien.
Auf die Aussagen einer Reihe von diesen die nun die folgende Zeit überlebten und später von den Polen ausgewiesen wurden stützen sich folgende Angaben. Nach dem Einrücken der Russen in Zeyer am 9. 3. 45 wurde die gesamte dagebliebene Bevölkerung zusammen getrieben.
Alle Männer zwischen 16 und 60 Jahren wurden in Richtung Osten abtransportiert.
Durch brutalste Behandlung sind durch Vernehmungen eine Reihe zu Tode gequält worden. Schon bald nach dem Einrücken der Russen ereigneten sich in Zeyersvorderkampen die ersten Morde. Ohne ersichtlichen·Grund wurden die Landwirte Franz Thießen(7O Jahre) und Adolf Block erschossen. Später fand man die Leichen von Hulda Janzen und deren Tochter Klara Eichhorn mit ihrem 1 Jahr alten Söhnchen, sowie die Leichen des Ehepaare A. Mierau. Weiter fielen den Russen zum Opfer, die 18 Jahre alte Christel Wichert, sowie Anna Braun Zeyersvorderkampen und die vierköpfige Familie des Bauern Fritz Dudenhöft.
Sämtlich dagebliebenen Frauen wurden ein Opfer der russischen Willkür und mussten es bleiben bis zum Abzug der russischen Truppen.
Die übrige Bevölkerung wurde nach Elbing verjagt und versuchte sich dort irgendwie zu ernähren. Spurlos verschwunden ist das Ehepaar Rathke Zvk.
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Die russischen Truppen zogen ab und die ersten Polen zumeist abenteuerliches Gesindel zogen ein. Sie plünderten restlos die Häuser von dem aus was die Russen noch da gelassen hatten. Die Russen hatten alles noch lebende Vieh und die besten Möbel mitgenommen. Ackergeräte und Maschinen wurde von den Polen zusammen getragen, verschachert und verschleppt. Weichsel und Nogatdeiche waren gesprengt und dadurch das ganze Land unter Wasser gesetzt. Die Russen hatten nach Bedarf Brücken und Laufstege gebaut und hierzu das Material aus den beschädigten Gebäuden und Ställen geholt. Unter den Polen ging die Verwüstung der Gebäude weiter. Da kein Heizmaterial vorhanden war haben sie leer stehende Gebäude abgebrochen.
Nach Berichten standen viele Häuser ohne Fenster und Türen da. Auch weitere Menschenverluste durch Selbstmorde waren zu beklagen. Die Deutsche Bevölkerung lebte in Polen unter denkbar schlechten Verhältnissen,bei völlig unzureichender Ernährung musste sie täglich Schwerstarbeit verrichten und waren schweren Misshandlungen ausgesetzt.
Die Deutschen waren vogelfrei. Man konnte mit ihnen machen was man wollte. Ebenso brutal wurde 1947 die Ausreise eingeleitet.
Alte, hinfällige Leute, Frauen mit kleinen Kindern, mussten 15 Km nach Tiegenhof gehen,wo sie bei strengem Frost in offenen Bahnloren verladen und nach Marienburg gebracht wurden von hier aus ging die Fahrt in die Ostzone wo die Ausgewiesenen zumeist in der Nähe von Halle untergebracht wurden. Alles Gepäck das über 30 Pfund wog wurde ihnen in Tiegenhof abgenommen. Eine Reihe der Ausgewiesenen hat die Strapazen nicht überstanden und ist gestorben.
In den Ortschaften wurden Kolchosen gegründet weil die Polen nicht in der Lage waren die Ländereien zu bestellen.
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einst Bauer in Westpreußen, feierte 90. Geburtstag
Schnittblumen, Blumenschalen, köstliche Getränke und weitere Präsente schmücken das Wohnzimmer im Hause ‘der Familie Senger in der Schwiftinger Siedlung. Vor wenigen Tagen feierte der „Senior” des Hauses, Opa Richard Senger, seinen 90. Geburtstag. Anlaß genug für dieMitbürgerschaft, um Schwiftings derzeit altesten Mitbürger zu ehren und zu erfreuen, ihm ‘ die herzlichsten Glückwünsche für den weiteren Lebensabend mitzugeben.
Richard Senger stammt aus Westpreußen. In seinen Adern fließt urwüchsiges bäuerliches Blut. Am 2. Februar 1879 wurde er in Zeyersvorderkampe bei Danzig geboren. Wie seine Eltern Bauern waren, so wurde auch Richard Senger Bauer, um einmal das Erbe seines Vaters, einen Stättlichen Hof, zu übernehmen. Mit mehreren Geschwistern wuchs der Jubilar in seinem Heimatort, der über 40 ansehnliche Bauernhöfe zahlte, auf. Im Jahre seiner Eheschliesung, 1920, übernahm er von seinen Eltern den Hof, um ihn mustergültig, in zäher, unermüdlicher Arbeit und in Verbundenheit zur heimatlichen Scholle weiterzuführen und bewirtschaften. Seine Gattin Frieda schenkte ihm 2 Kinder, einen Sohn und eine Tochter. Ueberstand Richard Senger den ersten Weltkrieg als aktiver Teilnehmer heu und gesund, so karnen mit dem zweiten Weltkrieg und den Nachkriegsjahren schwere Zeiten auf ihn zu. Im Herbst 1944 besetzten die vorrückenden Russen Ost- und Westpreußen, auch der Hof von Richard Senger wurde von den sowjetischen Truppen beschlagnahmt. Senger selbst mußte als Knecht auf seinem eigenen Anwesen arbeiten. Seine Gattin wurde von den Sowjetzt in ein Arbeitslager hinterm Ural ge-steckt, von wo sie erst 1947 in die; Heimat zurückkehren durfte. Ohne von den Schicksal seiner Familie etwas zu wissen, machte sich Richard Senger eines Tages auf, von seinem Hof zu fliehen und die deutsche Grenze zu erreichen. Er konnte es nicht mehr ertragen, als einstiger Hofbesitzer von den Russen als gedemütigter Knecht auf eigenem Besitz behandelt zu werden. Im Alter von 68 Jahren begab sich Senger, stets rüstig auf seinen Füßen, auf den Marsch, der ihn über Polen und Schwerin nach Westdeutschland und dort nach Murnau am Staffelsee führte. In Polen sind ihm dabei sämtliche Ausweis-und Wertpapiere, darunter auch die Sparkassenbücher, abgenommen worden. Richard Senger war aber unverzagt und fand dann im Oberbayerischen wieder eine feste Wohnstätte. Die Tochter, die heute in den USA verheiratet ist, bemühte sich damals erfolgreich um die Wieder-Zusammenführung der Eltern. Im Jahre 1963 siedelten Richard und Frieda Senger von Murnau nach Schwifting über, wo die Familie des Sohnes, der auf dem Tower des Flugplatzes Penzing tätig ist, ein Eigenheim erbaut hat. Unter der Obhut von Sohn und Schwiegertochter verbringt der Jubilar mit seiner Gattin nun einen geruhsamen ebensabend.
Zum 90. Geburtsfest stellten sich auch Bürgermeister Kaindl, zweiter Bürgermeister Nuscheier und der evangelische Pfarrer Uhl mit Gattin als Gratulanten ein, um die offiziellen Glückwünsche zu überbringen. Das „Landsberger Tagblatt” schließt sich diesen Gratulanten herzlichst an.
Februar 1969. „Landsberger Tagblatt”
World War I Service (1914-1918): 7. Landsturm .Inf.Btl. Allenstein wurde später LIB XX/14 numeriert (vom XX. Armee-Korps aufgestellt)
Michael Senger History -as related to Mark Rabideau by Luise (Senger) Rabideau (Michael’s grand daughter) Jan 2006
- Michael was the husband of Adelgunde Kiehl- they married about 1868 near Jungfer/ Zeyer Westpreussen
- Their marriage lasted about 55 years
- They had thirteen children of whom seven children lived to adulthood and two were killed in World War 1.
- Michael died on his son Richard’s farm in May of 1932 after being kicked by a horse at the age of 93. He was kicked in the head, suffered severe (irreversible) paralysis and was euthanized, at his request, by the local doctor.
- Michael and Adelgunde built the farm which Richard Senger worked in 1932.
- Michael was a “Hofbesitzer” (Farm Owner) who was reputed to have relied on his wife Adelgunde’s ambition and business acumen for the family’s success.
This page is under development; research is on-going
Note: additional source materials are currently being obtained.
Johann Hermann Recht History -this is an account that has evolved significantly from what began as an oral history related to Mark Rabideau by Luise (Senger) Rabideau (Hermann Recht’s grand daughter) on 9 Jan 2006; today this history is augmented with numerous additions and amendments from Mark Rabideau’s subsequent research as well as family information and stories from Otto Wedhorn family descendants most notably Frieda (Wedhorn) Mimietz.
- Hermann Recht was born as Johann Hermann Recht on 16 June 1869 in Zeyersniederkampen, Westpreussen. To date, we have not found his birth record.
- Johann Hermann Recht’s parents were:
Father: Samuel Ferdinand Recht (Hofbesitzer of Zeyersniederkampen) and
Mother: Henriette Schepansky (Caroline Henriette Sczepanski of Ellerwalde)
- Hermann Recht’s Hussar (Gala uniform) photo is from his military time in Stolp, Pommern (Pomerania). We believe him to be about 20 years old in the photo (below).
- Based upon his military photo, we are reasonably certain he was stationed in the military garrison in Stolp, Pommern between the years of 1888-1891. Although research into the military garrison church records of Stolp have produced no clues or information regarding Hermann Recht.
- Hermann is said to have come from a very poor family in Zeyersniederkampen. Although, we have no record aside from Hermann’s marriage document indicating that his parents actually lived in the area covered by the Zeyer ev. Church- which would have included both Zeyersniederkampen and Ellerwald at that time.
- According to family traditional, after Hermann returned home from his military service, he was once again sent away from home, this time to make his fortune; his plan, it is said, was to go to Russia along with his brother (name unknown) and settle with the Germans there. On his journey, Hermann stopped at the Kunz farm just after the owner/ father, August Kunz, was buried. Hermann took this opportunity to marry Auguste Kunz (the farmer’s daughter). They were married in Neuteicherwalde, Westpreussen 10 March 1891. Note: It is unlikely that this story is accurate: August Ferdinand Kunz died 4 years in advance of the Recht-Kunz marriage; he died on 25 April 1887. Also to date, we have no evidence of Hermann having had any siblings. (Research continues!)
- Upon his marriage to Auguste Kunz, Hermann assumed all Kunz family property rights and embarked on a disastrous program which ultimately ended in the loss of all Kunz wealth and lands. Hermann and his family ultimately ended up holding a small piece of land in Pietzkendorf Westpreussen (near Ladekopp). Based upon children’s birth records, it is believe that the family moved to Pietzkendorf no later than December 23 1893 (the date of their son’s (Ernst) birth in Pietzkendorf).
- Frieda (Recht) Senger- his daughter- had little respect for her father; she viewed him as being an angry, mean person without business-savvy.
- Ella and Frieda (geb. Recht) complained that Hermann Recht liked to order his daughters around. He was seen as very controlling.
- Frieda and Ella Recht married in the same year (1920) because Hermann Recht wanted them to get out of the house.
- Hermann’s oldest daughter Erna, however, never got married and left his house to work on the farm of a “rich” Mennonite. Frieda Wedhorn said that her Tante Erna was very religious who maybe tried to take her directions not from Hermann Recht but directly from Jesus Christ. During WW2, Erna lived and worked on the Senger farm.
- Regarding Otto Recht’s short life (7 months), it is thought that Hermann Recht apparently wanted more sons and so he did not give his wife Auguste (geb. Kunz) any time to recover after the birth of their third daughter Frieda Auguste. As a result, Otto was sickly and did not survive.
- Auguste Kunz (Hermann’s first wife) died an invalid in 1916 after a prolonged illness (gout-Gicht). She had been bed ridden for years prior to her death. Based upon Auguste’s death record information, it seems likely that her mother Elisabeth Kunz geb. Albrecht assisted in Auguste’s care prior to Auguste’s death.
- Hermann remarried some years after his first wife’s death.
- The Wedhorn kids actually liked to be at Hermann Recht’s farm because he never put as much pressure on them as he obviously did on his daughters.
- His second wife’s name was Else Auguste Recht (geboren Nahme / maiden name Ekrut).
- She is said to have once been a consort of the Kaiser.
- Frieda geb. Wedhorn recounts that Frieda geb. Recht once held a temporary job near Danzig. While in Danzig, Frieda Recht visited Fräulein Else Auguste Ekrut, before Else’s marriage to Herman Recht (as his 2nd wife). Frieda attempted to talk Else out of this marriage, without success. Much to the surprise of Hermann’s daughters, Else Auguste did not let herself be ordered around by Hermann Recht. Once, she even walked out on him. Hermann had to travel to Danzig to get Else to come back.
- Else Auguste Recht, reportedly, never went out to work on the fields. Instead, she took care of the house, milked the cows and was an excellent cook.
- Else’s brother Wilhelm Ekrut was a “Baumeister” in Danzig (it is thought that he either was an architect or owned a building company), constructing one- or two-family houses in a district or suburb of Danzig. Wilhelm himself supposedly lived in one of those houses and Else Auguste lived there, as well, before she married Hermann Recht and came to live in Pietzkendorf. Frieda Wedhorn also remembers that Wilhelm Ekrut and his wife Emma (maiden name unknown; she is the woman in black who is on Hermann Recht’s 1939 birthday photo) had a car, which at that time was fairly significant.
- Else’s death/ disappearance:
- Otto Wedhorn reportedly said that after the end of WW2, when the Soviets turned governmental administration in Westpreußen over to the Poles and ethnic Germans were being expelled from Poland, Else Auguste Recht (geb. Ekrut?) did not flee with the remaining members of the Wedhorn family to Fichtenwalde, near Berlin. Rather than joining Otto Wedhorn’s sisters in Fichtenwalde, she is believed instead to have fled to Danzig where she likely still had family or friends. It was at this time the Wedhorns lost contact with her.
- Another family story reports that Soviet occupation troops “beat, assaulted and threw Else into the Nogat river” near the Senger farm in Zeyersvorderkampen, Westpreussen.
- As for Hermann’s fate… One account has it that he was found dead in April 1945 by some fisherman on a side branch of the Nogat River with a stone tied around his mid-section. Another account reports that he died after trying to rescue his Else Auguste from the Nogat River (after Soviet soldiers had attempted to drown her). This story might align with another in which Else reportedly appeared at the Wedhorn home in Orlofferfelde after his death, in April 1945; Else was completely distraught and in shock following Hermann’s death. Shortly after appearing on the farm Else is reported to have fled the area.) Was Hermann murdered? Did he commit suicide? Neither option would have been uncommon at that time and place for an old man whose world had been destroyed. Perhaps some combination of all or none of the stories are true.
- What we do know is that no official or unofficial investigation or inquiry was ever undertaken. Hermann Recht was, after all, just an old, lonely, unwanted, ethnic German; and an investigation into the death of someone like that was not something to be wasted by the allied (Soviet & Polish) authorities newly in control of Zeyervorderkampen.
- Hermann’s body was taken and buried on the former Senger lands by Richard Senger.
- The true fate of Hermann Recht will, almost certainly, never be known.
- His official date of death is 24 April 1945
- Hermann is believed buried in an unmarked grave on the old Senger farm in Zeyer (today owned by the Bednarcyzk family).
- Currently we are seeking additional, official, information regarding Hermann Recht’s death in Zeyer (circa 1945).
- We are also seeking information on the death of Else Auguste Recht (Hermann’s second wife).
Albert Senger ruht auf der Kriegsgräberstätte in Noyers-Pont-Maugis (Frankreich). Endgrablage: Block B Grab 2148
Nähere Informationen zu diesem Friedhof erhalten Sie hier.
Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgräberfürsorge e.V.
D 34112 Kassel
Telefon (0561) 7009-0
Telefax (0561) 7009-270
E-Mail [email protected]
Based upon the small amount of information available in the “Deutsche Verlustlisten”, I believe my great uncle fought with:
- The 75.Infanterie-Brigade 1. Masurisches Infanterie-Regiment Nr. 146 III. Bataillon 9. Kompagnie
In July of 1915, units of this organization were engaged with the enemy (Russia) on the Eastern front in what is known as the Gorlice-Tarnów Offensive (if you are interested in films of the offensive, numerous are available on YouTube).
To date, we have not found any indication of a military grave for my Uhr Onkel Adolf. We hope some day to find his resting place.
This page is under development; research is on-going
Note: additional source materials are currently being obtained.Adelgunde Kiehl History -as related to Mark Rabideau by Luise (Senger) Rabideau (Aledgunde’s grand daughter) Jan 2006
She was born to a family of barge owners (the Kiehl’s)– her birth record we know her birth to have been on the 6th of October 1850 and baptized on 9 October of 1850 near Graudenz Mittelbezirk Westpreussen.
- It is believed that her mother (Esther Adelgunde geboren Grindemann) died giving child birth.
- Her father (Erdmann Kiehl) is believed to have died 6 days after her birth.
- Adelgunde was raised by relatives (an uncle?) near Tiegenhof, Westpreussen.
- Her nickname was “Gundke”.
- When Adelgunde deemed herself of marriageable age she announced her interest in (advertised for) a husband in the local Newspaper (a common practice).
- Michael Senger applied and was considered appropriate.
- Adelgunde was the ‘brains’ in the family; she was a shrewd business woman and earned much of the Senger wealth through competent business practices.